What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disorder that prevents your body from producing or using insulin correctly. There is no cure for diabetes, but it can be prevented through a careful diet and exercise. Treatment for diabetes typically involves monitoring blood sugar levels and taking diabetes medications and insulin regularly.
Type 1 vs Type 2
Diabetes is split into two types: Type 1 Diabetes and Type 2 Diabetes. Type 1 Diabetes is less common and occurs when the body cannot produce insulin. Sufferers of Type 1 Diabetes will have to take insulin every day to survive. It is typically diagnosed at an early age.
Type 2 Diabetes is far more common and can sometimes be prevented or delayed through eating healthy and exercising regularly. In people with Type 2 Diabetes, insulin is not used well by the body and it can become difficult to maintain normal blood sugar levels.
Because diabetes affects how a person’s body processes insulin, people with diabetes will need ongoing treatment for their entire life. There is currently no cure for diabetes.
Insulin is the most common treatment for diabetes, which is necessary for maintaining appropriate blood sugar levels. For people with Type 1 Diabetes, insulin will need to be taken every day. People with Type 2 Diabetes will take insulin as needed, depending on their blood sugar levels and symptoms.
Insulin can be administered in a variety of ways. The particular method is usually a matter of personal preference and a doctor’s recommendation. Treatment costs and insurance availability might also be a factor in deciding which insulin injection method is right for a particular patient.
Syringe injections are a common method of insulin delivery. They are one of the cheapest methods of delivery but take a lot of work and care to administer correctly. Dosage, delivery site and needle length can vary, so each patient will need to understand what will work best for them.
An insulin pump is a much easier delivery method, but is also one of the more expensive ones. Pumps supply a constant flow of insulin throughout the day which can result in more stable blood sugar levels.
Insulin pens are a method similar to syringes, but come pre-measured so delivery is easier. However, there can be dosage limitations with pens and they do not allow for the same variety of treatment that a syringe or pump could offer.
People with diabetes may be prescribed an oral medication in addition to insulin to help maintain their diabetes. Some of these medications may be taken before meals or taken at regular intervals. Generally these medications will affect how your body metabolizes sugars.
Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors, such as Precose and Glycet, help your body break down sugar and starch to lower your blood sugar. They are usually taken before meals.
Biguanides lower the amount of sugar absorbed by the intestines and created by the liver. They also help muscles absorb more glucose. Metformin is the most common biguanide and is used in medication such as Kazano, Janumet and Glucovance.
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists affect a variety of metabolic processes to help people with diabetes. They lower appetite and slow the emptying of the stomach so that glucose enters the bloodstream more evenly. Trulicity, Tanzeum and Victoza are common brands of GLP-1 receptor agonist medications
Sodium-glucose transporter (SGLT) 2 inhibitors, such as Farxiga, Jardiance or Invokana, stops glucose from being held by the kidneys allowing it to be secreted through urine..
Because diabetes can impact nerves, foot care is very important for people with diabetes. At Pharmacy 575, you can find a variety of products to help with diabetic conditions including foot creams and multivitamin supplements. We also carry a speciality line of shoes for diabetics or anyone looking for comfortable shoes called “Ortho Feet”.
Some insurance providers may cover costs for foot care products related to diabetic conditions.